Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is spread through the air by a person suffering from pulmonary TB. A single Sputum +ive Patient can infect 10-15 people in a year if not treated. India contribute 1/3rd global burden of TB and TB has been declared a Global Emergency.
In India there are 14 million TB patients; 2 million new TB patients are added every year of which 1 million are of infectious type.
More adults die from TB than from any other infectious disease in India, more than 1000 every day and 1 every minute. TB kills women more than all causes of maternal mortality combined and every year in India 300000 children leave school on account of their parents TB. TB is the most common opportunistic disease in people living with HIV.
In view of the above fact, SNBS conducted a TB Camp with support of Medicine Deptt., S.N. Medical College, Agra at Choti Athai slum on 25.04.2004.
During this camp 32 patients were identified as TB infected and treated further by the Medicine Deptt. of S.N. Medical College, Agra. Keeping in view of such a large number of identification of TB patients in only one slum, SNBS intends to look forward for the sake of poor population in other urban slums and started TB Awareness Program in 20 urban slums of Agra for six days from 26.05.2005 to 31.05.2005. In this awareness program, SNBS staff approached house to house for identification of TB patients on the basis of basic symptoms.
Achievements of SNBS
A total of 556 TB patients were identified and were motivated to seek treatment and referred at TBDTC during the TB Awareness Program organised by SNBS in 20 urban slums of Agra for six days from 26.05.2005 to 31.05.2005.
In order to address the TB pandemic, Mass awareness events were also carried out by SNBS to educate, motivate, and mobilize the local community in the response to TB.